Senator Charles Sumner
delivers a stinging speech in the U.S. Senate, "The Crime against
Kansas," in which he attacks slavery, the South, and singles out
his Senate colleague, Andrew Butler of South Carolina, for criticism.
In retaliation, Butler’s nephew, Congressman Preston Brooks of South
Carolina, attacks Sumner with a cane while the Massachusetts senator
is seated at his desk on the floor of the Senate. The injuries he
sustains cause Sumner to be absent from the Senate for four years.